While barely anyone had heard about CBD a decade ago, today CBD is a household name. It’s really more than a household name, if you think about it. It’s more like the most popular health and wellness product ever. So popular, in fact, that the CBD market is projected to be a $22 billion industry by 2022.
CBD has exploded. It’s in beauty products, food, supplements, coffee and even stirred into cocktails at several upscale bars and restaurants across the country. CBD is in…and (almost) everybody’s doing it.
Want to know more about the non-psychoactive cannabinoid that’s been hailed by some advocates as a “miracle”? Check out the following little-known facts about CBD.
9 Facts About CBD You Might Not Have Heard About
1. Hemp is Believed to be the World’s Oldest Cultivated Crop
Hemp, which most CBD oil is derived from, has a history that dates back some 10,000 years, and many believe it could be the world’s oldest cultivated crop. The use of hemp rope was found in pottery that dates back to 8000 B.C. in what is now modern-day Taiwan. In 1977, Carl Sagan, the renowned author, astrophysicist, astrobiologist, cosmologist and scientist, suggested that the Cannabis sativa plant possibly led to the development of mankind itself.
2. CBD Could Counteract the Negative Effects of THC
There’s evidence that suggests CBD could alleviate the anxiety that can occur with THC. There are several that contend that if you consume too much THC and anxiety and paranoia follow, taking CBD can help alleviate it. Is it really true, though?
In short, yes…for some. But you’ve got to take into consideration that there are a lot of underlying factors that influence the nature of a person’s anxiety, as well as how they respond to both CBD and THC. There are several studies that show CBD contains anti-anxiety effects.
According to Martin A. Lee, author of the book Smoke Signals, “CBD interacts with THC in complex ways, diminishing certain effects (the munchies, sleepiness, the high) while augmenting others. Cannabidiol balances the buzz and softens the euphoria — or, in some cases, the dysphoria — induced by THC, which, in concentrated form, can make people feel very loopy and weird. CBD is the yin of THC’s yang.”
3. CBD Was First Discovered in 1940
While CBD has only gained increased attention over the past few years, it was actually discovered in 1940 by a chemist named Roger Adams who had studied at Harvard University. In 1946, Dr. Walter S. Loewe performed the first clinical CBD test on lab mice. In 1963, Raphael Mecholaum, Israeli chemist and professor often referred to as the “Father of Marijuana Research,” established the structure of CBD.
4. CBD Could be Beneficial for Addiction Recovery
It’s no secret that addiction rates have skyrocketed. There are a lot of legal and illegal substances out there that can cause dependency, but CBD might be able to help.
One review found that CBD “has been shown to be an agonist of 5-HT1A serotoninergic receptors and to regulate stress response and compulsive behaviors.” What does this mean? Basically, that CBD blocks the serotonin receptors that are responsible for the brain response that makes using certain substances pleasurable. It also means that CBD can help moderate the stress response that leads to the compulsive urge to use drugs.
A study in 2013 found that smokers that vaporized CBD every time they had the urge to smoke over a one-week period reduced the number of cigs they smoked by 40%. And this was without “trying” to quit smoking. Another study investigating the effects of CBD on cigarette smokers found that an 800mg oral serving of CBD each morning reduced the allure of “cues” to smoke cigarettes (with morning coffee, talking on the phone, after finishing a meal, with a cocktail) where smokers would normally tend to have a cigarette.
There is also increased research being conducted on how CBD could be of potential benefit for those who have unfortunately found themselves part of the opioid epidemic. There is evidence that suggests CBD is “a potential beneficial treatment for opioid abuse,” however, more research is needed to establish exactly how CBD might help.
5. Research Shows That CBD Could Contain Neuroprotective Properties
CBD has shown to contain neuroprotective properties in both cell cultures and in animal models of many different neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s and alcohol-induced neurodegeneration.
What exactly does it mean that CBD may be neuroprotective? If CBD is a neuroprotectant, that means it helps decrease damage to the brain and nervous system while promoting the growth of new neurons. While more research is undoubtedly needed to explore exactly how CBD may support neuron health is needed, preliminary evidence seems positive.
6. Almost Half of the People who Use CBD Stop Taking Traditional Medications
In the largest survey of CBD use to date, it was discovered that 42% of people that used CBD had stopped taking traditional meds like Aleve or Tylenol, as well as prescription drugs like Vicodin. Of these individuals, 80% found CBD to be “very or extremely effective.”
Could CBD be a natural alternative to traditional pain relievers? There are several studies that CBD is effective for managing pain, however, CBD works differently for everyone. There’s only one way to find out if CBD could help reduce intake of traditional and prescription pain meds…try it for yourself and see!
7. CBD Is World-Famous for its Ability to Reduce Seizures in Rare Forms of Epilepsy
The fact that CBD can reduce seizures in rare forms of epilepsy is the reason it became so popular in the first place. In 2013, CNN ran a story about Charlotte Figi, the young Colorado girl who found relief from the 300 grand mal seizures she was having each week.
When the story came out, there were only 42 patients (including Charlotte) who were using CBD. Today, parents all over the world are finding that CBD helps reduce the number of seizures their epileptic children experience.
CBD is so adept at reducing seizures in rare forms of epilepsy that the FDA recently approved Epidiolex, the first CBD drug ever to be FDA-approved that contains a purified substance derived from cannabis.
8. Evidence Indicates CBD has “Considerable Potential” as a Therapy for Multiple Anxiety Disorders
If you’re someone who suffers from anxiety, you’re certainly not alone. Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the U.S., affecting some 40 million people. Evidence shows that CBD has “considerable potential,” however, for multiple anxiety disorders, including:
- Generalized anxiety disorder
- Social anxiety disorder
- Social phobia
In fact, the most popular reasons people use CBD are for chronic pain and anxiety. It’s believed CBD is so effective for anxiety because of its ability to boost the signaling of serotonin receptors, which can reduce symptoms of anxiety and (in some cases) boost a person’s mood.
9. Increased Hemp Production for CBD Extraction Could Save the Bee Population
Here’s something you might not know about CBD. Growing hemp could help save the bees. Recent research in Colorado suggests that when there are few other flowering plants, hemp cultivation could be extremely beneficial for bee populations.
In what is believed to be the first survey of bees in cannabis fields, entomology student Colton O’Brien of Colorado State University in Fort Collins found 23 of the 66 types of bees that live in Colorado ended up in two experimental hemp plots over a one-month trapping survey.
“You walk through the fields and you hear buzzing everywhere,” says O’Brien. He believes that commercial hemp farms may just end up as rare food sources for bees during stressful times (like when there are no other flowering plants).
And you thought you knew everything there was to know about CBD! These 9 little-known facts about CBD are by no means all there are. As more research is conducted on CBD and the myriad of benefits it contains, there’s bound to be more and more interesting information on CBD to come. Want to learn more? Check out the rest of our blog, where we stay up-to-date on everything you need to know about this beneficial cannabinoid.
When it comes to CBD products, there’s a scientific word thrown around that touts the therapeutic benefits of hemp. That word is terpenes. While terpenes play a huge factor in the therapeutic benefits of CBD, there are other unique phytochemicals that are the unsung heroes for all plant-based products. This includes CBD. This little-known class of compounds is known as flavonoids.
Flavonoids work in unison with other essential phytocannabinoids to increase the potency and bioavailability of CBD products. So, what are flavonoids and how do they impact your life? Let’s take a closer look at these crucial phytochemicals.
What Are Flavonoids?
To get a better understanding of how flavonoids affect the overall quality of CBD products, you should first understand what they are. Each plant gracing this earth is comprised of unique chemical compounds that give them their nutritional benefits.
You can tell a lot about the nutrition of a product just by looking at its hue. For instance, dark berries are rich in antioxidants. You know this by the reddish-purple exterior of blueberries and blackberries. Meanwhile, turmeric and ginger are high in anti-inflammatory properties. This is evidenced by these roots’ orange-yellow hue. Just like skin tones shades vary based on his how much melanin is in the body, food colors vary based on phytochemicals present in their genetic makeup. These phytochemicals are flavonoids.
Research has unearthed the potential of flavonoids. They have found promising results when supplementing with flavonoids to combat issues pertaining to:
- Oxidation damage
- Inflammatory responses
- Weakened immune system
There are over 6,000 flavonoids discovered. They all have a variety of therapeutic benefits on the body. That is why many dieticians suggest “eating the rainbow.” This is a playful way of saying that you should eat as many colored fruits and vegetables as possible. By doing so, you are guaranteed a wide spectrum of micronutrients that promote optimal health.
Types of Flavonoids
As you peel the onion layers back on classification systems, you can continue to break down species and genus into smaller niches. The same is true for flavonoids. To get a balanced serving of flavonoids, try to consume some foods from each of these classifications.
Anthocyanidins: The flavonoids are rich sources of antioxidants. Studies show that antioxidants help repair cell damage while reducing oxidative stress on the system.
Prominent types of anthocyanidins include:
Foods abundant in anthocyanidins include:
- Red Wine
Flavanols: Flavonols are associated with stimulants, which may help in shedding off excess pounds and increasing alertness.
Primary flavonols include:
Typically, you can find flavonols in:
- Fava Beans
Flavonols: Typically, flavonols have some of the greatest therapeutic benefits out of all phytochemicals. This sector of flavonoids is known to have strong allergen-fighting capabilities.
Popular flavonols include:
You can find flavonol-rich foods such as:
- Brussel Sprouts
Flavones: Flavones are potent antioxidants as well. However, they also aid in the metabolization of nutrients and prescription drugs. Therefore, these flavones have an entourage effect on other phytochemicals within CBD products.
Most well-known flavones include:
Popular food choices rich in flavones include:
- Spicy Herbs
Flavonones: These are the pigments that are typically found in anti-inflammatory foods. Due to their ability to inhibit pro-inflammatory biomarkers, they may help in regulating heart health and digestive issues.
You can mostly find flavonones in:
Isoflavones: These are rich catalysts in producing hormones, namely estrogen. Therefore, isoflavones are great for those who going through menopause. However, for men with low levels of testosterone, you might want to stay clear of isoflavones.
Most-researched isoflavones include:
Highest concentrations of isoflavones can be found in:
Now that you have a better understanding of flavonoids, let’s take a look at how they affect CBD products.
Flavonoids and CBD Products
Seeing as flavonoids are phytochemicals, you can rest assure that they are plentiful in full spectrum hemp oil. In fact, they play a critical role in hemp maintaining it’s therapeutic benefits.
Any living being relies on light for survival. This is especially true for hemp. Due to photosynthesis, the sun draws up nutrients and moisture through the roots of the plant. This pressure causes the hemp plant to sweat. Seeing as pressure changes the genetic makeup of chemical compounds, this pivotal process creates terpenes and phytocannabinoids such as CBD.
The downside to light is that it also promotes oxidation. Terpenes are highly volatile. This is why essential oils are considered a form of therapy. The aromatic chemicals combust as they hit the environment. In the case of essential oils, the person using the plant-based products inhale the dissipating chemical compounds. When you’re a hemp plant growing under the Kentucky sun, it can end up cooking off the CBD.
Thankfully, flavonoids help fight off UV damage from the sun. By filtering out the UV rays, the integrity of CBD remains intact until the plant is harvested.
Flavonoids don’t just keep UV rays at bay. These phytonutrients have exhibited antifungal properties. This is essential in warding off pests, molds and fungi that may damage the health of the plant in its formative stages.
Lastly, flavonoids are essential for pollinators. Think of the delicious sugars that draw us to berries and citrus fruits. These are the exact chemical compounds at play that cause bees to spread the seeds of plants. The same rings true for hemp plants. Flavonoids in these products attract pollinators that will ensure the longevity of the plant species in the wild. Without a doubt, this is Mother Nature at her finest!
Flavonoids in CBD
While there are 6,000 flavonoids scientifically classified, just 20 take up residence in cannabis. A meta-analysis has found the prominent classes of flavonoids found in CBD oil are flavone and flavonol subclasses.
The most abundant flavonoids that are seen in CBD include:
- Cannflavin A
- Cannflavin B
Let’s take a closer look at each.
Health Benefits of Apigenin
Studies on this flavonoid found that it decreases the activity of an enzyme known as NF-κB. As an acronym for nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells, you know NF-κB means business! NF-κB writes DNA. Unfortunately for us, that DNA includes pro-inflammatory cells. Apigenin has shown to fight off inflammatory growths in hard to reach areas such as the colon and lungs.
Health Benefits of Cannflavin A
As the name implies, these flavonoids are unique to Cannabis sativa. They are the ones responsible for the antifungal and antimicrobial properties we spoke about earlier. Studies have shown that Cannaflavin A has fought against bacteria strains that cause disease such as Staphylococcus aureus.
Health Benefits of Cannflavin B
Life is about balance. Can’t have Cannaflavin A without Cannaflavin B. This flavonoid has a lot to do with hydroxylation in the system. Therefore, it helps break down fats and absorbs nutrients. At the same time, Cannaflavin B helps us make better use of the energy we consume from our foods.
Health Benefits of Kaempferol
Kaempferol is one of the most potent antioxidants present in CBD. This flavonoid takes on free radicals that are catalysts for many life-threatening conditions. What stands out the most is that kaempferol doesn’t fall for the tricks presented by autoimmune diseases. These unique phytochemicals can differentiate between “healthy and malignant cells.”
Health Benefits of Luteolin
Remember when we discussed how flavonoids protect the plant from being scorched by the sun’s rays? Enter luteolin. Studies have shown that luteolin helps fight aging (wrinkles) caused by the sun. That’s because it acts as an antagonist toward pro-inflammatory biomarkers JNK1 and p90RSK2. Luteolin present in CBD products is what makes it a viable member of the cosmetic market.
Health Benefits of Quercetin
Last is certainly not least here. Quercetin is one of the most heralded phytochemicals in plant-based nutrition. It was one of the most natural (and potent) antihistamines on the market. Therefore, if you are suffering from an allergic reaction or are having digestive issues due to gluten or dairy sensitivities, quercetin-rich products may help.
Flavonoids and the Entourage Effect
One of the greatest scientific breakthroughs when it comes to CBD is realizing that it has an entourage effect in the presence of other phytochemicals. Studies have shown that when cannabinoids have chemical reactions with other plant-based molecules, it strengthens the overall benefits of the nutrients.
The aforementioned study on the CBD entourage effect gives a big portion of the credit to flavonoids. They work in unison with terpenes and phytocannabinoids unique to Cannabis sativa to bring homeostasis to the body.
By using full spectrum hemp oil, all of the precious flavonoids remain intact. Purchasing CBD products that boast the words “whole plant” or “full spectrum,” means that the stems, leaves and seeds were all used in extracting the oil. Due to this process, you are getting many of the 80+ phytocannabinoids, 20 flavonoids and 215 unique terpenes that all live in the hemp plant. Getting full spectrum hemp oil goes a long way in making sure you are getting the most out of your cannabis supplements.
Everyone has their workout routine. For those who are serious about gettin’ their fitness on, they turn to a post-workout treat. Why not? You just worked pretty hard! Even better, this reward comes with benefits. Post-workout nutrition is essential to help your body restore some of the energy exerted during your session. One of the best wing-people for an after-workout boost? CBD.
Let’s look at why CBD is a great way to maximize the benefits of your workout. In addition, we’ll provide you with 7 delicious post-workout CBD recipes. Now, get your sweat on…er…read on!
Why Post-Workout Nutrition is Important
Anyone who has pushed through an intense cardio sesh or hit a new bench record knows one thing…they’re pooped! Nothing worth having is easy. That is why working out is called “working.”
When you workout, your body gets put under stress. Due to the intensity of the workout, two major functions happen so your body can coast you through:
- Burning of glycogen
- Using up/damaging protein
Every time your body is pushed toward its limits, it disrupts many little tissues, cells, tendons and proteins in your body. Once you finish, your body needs to replenish the glycogen. That way the glycogen can be broken down and transformed into catalysts for rebuilding damaged proteins.
This is what makes CBD such a vital component of a nutrient-dense workout regimen. A full spectrum CBD will contain all of the 20 amino acids. This includes the nine that our body can’t create on its own.
In addition, CBD is an antioxidant. Therefore, it can help repair those inflamed tissues and tendons we mentioned before.
With that, you want a post-workout treat that is high in protein, carbs and fat. You need the carbs to help create the glycogen necessary to break down amino-rich proteins. Fat is essential because it helps with the absorption of nutrients in the gut lining.
Once again, CBD comes in handy. Full spectrum hemp oil contains phytochemicals unique to the hemp plant. That means full spectrum hemp oil is rich in omega-3 fatty acids. These are proteins that help repair damage that transpires during an intense day at the gym.
Now you know why you should eat after a workout (and why you should have CBD in that snack). We get that people need to sneak their workout in whenever they can. Here are 7 post-workout CBD recipes for every part of your daily routine.
CBD Morning Scramble
Who doesn’t like a nice wake and fry? In the morning time, our heads can be a bit scrambled. A good way to break through that fog is to infuse your post-workout breakfast with CBD. Here’s a great way to do just that.
- Small bunch of kale
- Small sweet potato, diced
- ¼ cup grass-fed butter
- ¼ large organic onion, chopped
- Cherry tomatoes
- Joy Organics 500mg Natural CBD Tincture
- Four free-range organic eggs
- ¼ cup organic milk
- Wash and prep all produce.
- Heat the butter over low-medium heat on a skillet.
- Add a dropper-full of the natural CBD tincture to the top of the butter at the first sign of the butter softening.
- Once the butter starts to break down more, add in the sweet potatoes.
- Cover with a lid to speed up the cooking process.
- Whisk the four eggs in a small bowl and season with pepper.
- Pour the milk into whisked eggs.
- Add the onion to the sweet potatoes.
- After the onions are translucent, add in the other vegetables and saute for 2-3 minutes.
- Add in the milk-egg mixture.
- Cook together until scrambled!
CBD Goji Bars
Not everyone has the chance to start their day off with a home-cooked scramble. That sort of folk needs their CBD on the go. These CBD Goji Bars are a great option because they are delicious, discreet and travel well. Not to mention, Goji berries are a superfood. They are highly rich in antioxidants, which is further enhanced in the presence of CBD.
- 1 tablespoon organic coconut oil
- 2 cups quick steel-cut oats
- 1 ½ teaspoon organic chia seeds
- ½ teaspoon baking powder
- ¾ cup shelled walnuts
- ½ cup raw pecans
- ½ cup organic goji berries
- ¼ cup raw cocoa powder
- 2 small bananas
- 1 teaspoon pink Himalayan sea salt
Topping for Bars:
- ¼ cup quick steel-cut oats
- ¼ teaspoon baking powder
- 1 teaspoon organic chia seeds
- ¼ cup dried goji berries
- 2 tablespoon raw hemp seeds
- 3 tablespoon organic shredded coconut
- 2-3 tablespoons of milk or plant-based milk
- Dropper-full Joy Organics 1000mg Lemon CBD Tincture
- Preheat the oven to 350° F while greasing a 9×9 baking pan.
- Combine all the ingredients for the bars into a food processor.
- Pulse with an S-blade until you have a thick batter.
- Smooth into a baking pan as evenly as possible.
- Bake for 12 minutes.
- While baking, mix all the bar topping ingredients into a bowl, minus the Joy Organics lemon tincture.
- Once evenly mixed in, add dropper-full of Joy Organics Lemon CBD Tincture.
- Place the toppings on top of the bars when the 12 minutes are up.
- Put bars with toppings into the oven for 8 more minutes.
- Once done, allow two hours to cool, refrigerate extras.
CBD Power Salad
When you hear the word salad, people think of iceberg lettuce, but that’s far from reality! Salads are a blanket term for a cornucopia of delicious options in one bowl. Here, you can rejuvenate your post-workout body with some plant-based power dressed up in CBD. This is a great recipe for the person who sneaks a workout in during their lunch break!
- 1/2 cup uncooked organic quinoa
- 1 cup organic vegetable stock
- ¼ cup organic hemp seeds
- ¼ cup organic pumpkin seeds
- ¼ cup raw almonds
- ¼ cup raw brazil nuts
- 1 can organic chickpeas, rinsed
- ½ organic red onion, chopped
- ½ jalapeno pepper, chopped
- ¼ cup dried cranberries, unsweetened
- 1 sprig of cilantro
- First, cook the quinoa by adding it into a saucepan with the vegetable stock.
- Bring to a boil, cover and simmer for around 20 minutes.
- While the quinoa cooks, place the nuts and seeds on a baking sheet and toast in the oven until golden.
- Prep the vegetables.
- Mix them in a bowl with rinsed organic chickpeas.
- Chop the toasted nuts and mix in with the chickpeas and veggies.
- Start on the dressing by pouring the peanut oil into a bowl.
- Dash some of the grated ginger into the bowl and whisk together.
- Pour in the Bragg raw apple cider vinegar and whisk together (it won’t fully integrate)
- Once the quinoa is done, add to the bowl of chickpeas and vegetables and toss.
- Place the drops of lemon CBD tincture and orange CBD tincture into the dressing.
- Pour the dressing over the bowl and thoroughly mix.
Note: The dressing won’t seem like a lot, but trust us, a little goes a long way!
Undoubtedly, salmon is one of the leanest proteins that we can consume. You can tell the quality of amino acids in your cut by how vibrant its pink flesh is. Up that ante by adding some CBD to the mix. This is a great dinner. It will pair wonderfully with a sweet potato and roasted asparagus for the ultimate post-workout supper.
- Preheat the over to 350°F.
- Grab a small bowl and add in 1 cup of honey.
- Pour in the ⅓ cup of soy sauce and whisk together.
- Add in the minced garlic and minced ginger and continue to whisk.
- Put 2 salmon filets into a ziplock bag, followed by the dressing.
- Shake the bag up and place into the fridge to marinate for 20 minutes.
- Place the marinated salmon onto a greased baking pan and put into the oven for 20 minutes.
- Pour the rest of the marinade into a saucepan and bring to a boil.
- Reduce the heat and simmer for a couple of minutes before turning off.
- Allow the marinade to cool.
- Just before the marinade is about to thicken, add in dropper-full of Joy Organics Lemon CBD Tincture.
- Stir up lightly.
- When the salmon is cooked, brush the CBD-infused glaze over the fish.
- Garnish with a pinch of sesame seeds.
One Pot CBD Chicken
This dish is no joke. It’s seriously delish, full of lean protein and complete with complex carbs. It’s everything you need and want after a busy day and workout.
- ½ teaspoon organic extra virgin olive oil (twice)
- 1 small organic sweet onion, diced
- 1 cup wild rice
- 1 ½ cups organic vegetable stock
- ¾ cup water
- 1 teaspoon Himalayan pink sea salt
- Black pepper
- Combine all the ingredients of the marinade into a small bowl.
- Place the chicken thighs into a ziplock bag, pour the marinade in and give a good shake.
- Refrigerate anywhere from 20 minutes to 24 hours.
- Preheat oven to 350°F.
- Remove chicken from bag, but hold onto marinade.
- Heat ½ tablespoon of extra virgin olive oil in a heavy skillet on medium heat.
- Put chicken in skillet, skin-side down.
- Cook until golden brown and then flip.
- Remove the chicken and set aside on a paper towel.
- Heat ½ tablespoon of extra virgin olive oil in skillet.
- Add in sweet onion and saute until translucent.
- Add in the rest of the rice ingredients and marinade.
- Simmer for 30 seconds.
- Put the chicken on top and place a lid over the skillet.
- Bake in oven for 30 minutes.
- Remove cover and bake up to 10 more minutes or until all liquid is gone.
- Take out of oven and allow to cool.
CBD Monster Bars
Had a workout, a nice dinner and need a little extra something-something? Life’s about the little joys. Dessert is a huge part of those little moments of bliss. Adding CBD to your desserts will increase that happiness even more. Here’s a great ode to our favorite Sesame Street character, the Cookie Monster…’cause who doesn’t love a good cookie?
- Preheat oven to 325ºF and lightly grease an 11×7 baking pan.
- Melt butter over low heat.
- Add in dropper-full of orange CBD tincture.
- Add in graham cracker crumbs and stir.
- Move the graham cracker mixture to the baking pan.
- Put the lightly chopped graham crackers on top as a blanket.
- Pour in the paleo condensed milk.
- Add an even layer of dark chocolate shavings, save at least ⅛ a cup for the end.
- Add in the organic coconut flakes, saving around ⅛ a cup.
- Follow up with an even layer of walnuts, leaving approximately ⅛ cup.
- Add a layer of dates, with ⅛ cup to spare.
- Bake for 25 minutes.
- Add the rest of your toppings and bake for five more minutes.
- Remove from oven and cut into bite-sized pieces!
CBD-late Chickpea Brownies
Dessert is so nice, we must feature it twice! This is a guilt-free dessert packed with protein. It contains all-natural sweeteners and of course…CBD! So, snack on and worry less.
- Preheat oven to 350°F.
- Place everything into a food processor except for the dark chocolate powder and Joy Organics Tranquil Mint CBD Tincture.
- Blend until smooth.
- Grease an 8×8 baking pan.
- Pour the batter into the pan.
- Put the dark chocolate powder into a small bowl.
- Combine 15 drops of Joy Organics Tranquil Mint CBD Tinctures to the dark chocolate.
- Fold the chocolate CBD mixture into the batter.
- Evenly spread across the baking sheet and bake for 20-25 minutes.
- Allow to cool before serving.
At Joy Organics, we are passionate about using the whole plant when making full spectrum hemp oil. Not only is this is a more sustainable practice, but it allows for additional nutrients to be present in the final product. The leaves, seeds and stems of hemp plants have distinct compounds that the others don’t have. This is what makes a leaf a leaf and a seed a seed.
When using the whole plant, there are some botanical elements that we choose to exclude. We extract plant matters such as chlorophyll and wax from Joy Organics CBD products. Let’s explain what wax and chlorophyll are and why many natural health companies extract them from their formula.
What is Plant Wax?
We’ll start with the less complicated of the two. Let’s use an example we’re all familiar with — smelly pits. If we know we’re going to get our sweat on, what’s one thing we do before hitting the gym? Hopefully, it’s put on some deodorant. Plant wax is much like our underarm wing-person.
The reason why we sweat so much under our arms is that when we workout, our body temperature goes up as well. Inside of this little cave of our armpit is the perfect crevice for moisture to build up. When we put deodorant (or essential oil sprays) under the arm, it creates a slick coating. This is sort of like a dome that will prevent moisture from going too crazy under there.
Now, let’s transition to the hemp plant. In its grow environment, the hemp plant also sweats. Under the intense heat of a lamp or the sun, plants secrete a wax. The wax will form a barrier around the cuticles. This is done as a means of survival for the plant.
As the light source attempts to draw moisture from the plant, hemp leaves try to protect the plant’s nutrients. Cannabis creates the wax to keep hold of its water source as long as possible. The wax acts as a water dome.
Why Remove Wax from CBD Products?
Plant wax actually has some benefits. That is why many companies collect wax and use the substance for dabs, rosin and other forms of CBD products. Removing wax is a normal practice across many plant-based companies. Other companies will take the leftovers to create other products — most notably of the bunch is carnauba wax. With that being said, many other plant waxes are toxic, which is why other botanical companies may exclude them.
Thankfully, hemp wax is not known to be toxic. So, why would a company want to remove plant wax from their CBD products? The issues have more to do with the wax itself.
Wax has a consistency as its name suggests. Plant wax is a rather sticky substance. If you were to include plant wax in a formula such as tinctures or softgels, you would have to use a solvent to break the wax down. Otherwise, users wouldn’t be able to take the supplement properly. It would all stick together!
Breaking down the wax is almost pointless. When this happens, you start to lose some of the potent nutrients you would be hoping to preserve. Instead, the wax can be used in other ways that would maintain its therapeutic integrity.
Now that you understand why plant wax is removed from CBD products, let’s get into a more complex topic. This one doesn’t involve armpits!
What is Chlorophyll?
Chlorophyll is what gives hemp its green pigmentation. This molecule resides within little pods inside plant cells known as chloroplasts. These pods only live on mesophyll cells. Mesophyll cells can only be found on the interior of a hemp leaf.
Seeing as the leaf has chlorophyll, that means all hemp products (full spectrum or not) must deal with this compound. If your product is not full spectrum and has an overwhelming taste of the earth, then there’s a good chance there’s chlorophyll in there.
The purpose of mesophyll cells on the leaf’s interior is to feed the chlorophyll inside. As the sun beats down, chlorophyll draws that energy into the plant. From there, the sunlight is broken down into nutrients, and these minerals are dispersed to the areas that require vitamin-enrichment. Fun fact, thanks to chlorophyll, plants release oxygen back into the air for us to consume!
The amount of chlorophyll in a plant can be determined just by looking at it. If your plant is bursting with green like a leprechaun on Saint Patrick’s Day, that bad-boy is powered by chlorophyll. With that being said, chlorophyll alters the color of everything it touches. Note, chlorophyll would make a pungent dye for deep olive green fans out there!
Why Remove Chlorophyll from CBD Products?
There are health benefits to chlorophyll. These pigmentation cells have shown promise in repairing DNA cell damage. Studies also conclude chlorophyll exhibits anti-inflammatory capabilities. Due to these realizations, chlorophyll supplements are available in the health food market.
Again, why would CBD products opt to remove chlorophyll? Quite simply, it tastes pretty bad. Just as pungent of an olive green dye this compound would make, it makes for an even harsher flavor. No matter what you pair chlorophyll with, the scent of the earth will overpower the other components. This would not make for a pleasurable CBD experience!
How to Remove Chlorophyll and Wax from CBD Products
See, it’s nothing personal with chlorophyll and wax. They just don’t work for a good portion of the products that we (and many other CBD companies) carry. With that being said, we would like to explain how these plant materials are separated from the goodies we do preach about — phytocannabinoids!
To get phytocannabinoids is not an easy task. CBD products are formulated in sterile laboratories using expensive equipment and high-grade technology. In order to get plant material off a plant, you need to control the environment is in. That way, when you get the cannabinoids free from the wax and chlorophyll, you don’t lose the molecules into the atmosphere. The process of separating all of these elements is known as extraction.
What is Extraction?
Sorry, ladies and gents, we’re going back to that armpit analogy for just a second! Whenever you apply pressure to something, it changes the composition of the object. Let’s take yourself for instance.
You are running a mile. As you take off, you’re dry, breathing normally and smelling fancy fresh. Once the adrenaline pumps in, the game’s on. From there, your heartbeat increases, pushing more blood around. This causes your temperature to rise. Essentially, you’re cooking your fat.
So, what happens? Like an overboiled pot of pasta, you start to sweat. You are no longer that dry, normal-breathed, fancy-fresh runner of a mile ago. Sure, you’ll go back to the same person eventually, but under this stress, you changed your composition. You’re now panting, wet-skinned and not-so-fancy-fresh.
When formulating CBD products, this sort of logic is applied to hemp plants. Producers cause pressure to the plant. In the case of the hemp plant, this reaction results in the trichomes of the plant bursting. When this happens, CBD is released and collected. However, wax and chlorophyll also get caught up in the mixture. Therefore, they need to be separated as well.
There are two ways to extract wax and chlorophyll from hemp. Let’s take a look at the more complicated of the two first, CO2 extraction.
CO2 Extraction of Wax and Chlorophyll from CBD Products
Instead of making hemp run a mile, CBD companies take a more scientific approach to extraction. Most companies use pressurized carbon dioxide to create stress on hemp. This is a non-toxic way of causing the trichomes to burst.
Pressurized carbon dioxide is kept at subfreezing temperatures. It automatically freezes anything it comes into contact with, such as the hemp plant (and its molecules).
Inside the controlled environment, the temperature slowly rises. By bringing up the temperature, frozen solid molecules start to become excited. This will allow the less-dense CBD, cannabinoids, wax and chlorophyll to bind to the heavy carbon molecules of the pressurized CO2. Eventually, the carbon is filtered out. In its wake is a bunch of hemp elements. From there, the plant material is sorted out carefully.
Ethanol Extraction of Chlorophyll and Cannabis
This is a much easier and faster way to strip unwanted components from your hemp products. The harsh vapors of the alcohol will cause the hemp trichomes to burst.
As this happens, phytochemicals get trapped in the environment they are in. From there, the ethanol is filtered out of the product. With that being said, it is possible for remanents of the ethanol to linger. That is why we are dedicated to using only food-grade ethanol.
Please be aware of companies who use butane. This is a substance that is considered toxic. Also, check the label to make sure hexane wasn’t used. Hexane is a synthetic solvent. Therefore, it may alter the overall potency of your CBD products.
At Joy Organics, we make sure that plant matters like wax and chlorophyll are removed. We also isolate the THC so this cannabinoid doesn’t make it into our formula. In the end, you have full spectrum hemp oil chock full of phytocannabinoids without the flavor of chlorophyll, the consistency of plant wax or psychoactive elements of THC.
Many substances, whether they be pharmaceutical prescriptions or even fruits like grapefruit, have the potential to interact with other medicines that you’re already taking. While CBD is largely safe on its own, it does also pose a risk of interacting with other medications. The aftereffects of such interactions can be risky, so it’s imperative to know how CBD can mingle with your medications.
Enzyme Induction vs. Enzyme Inhibition
Before we delve into the nitty-gritty of the drug interactions of CBD, let’s learn a few related terminologies — namely, enzyme induction and enzyme inhibition.
Virtually all medications and supplements (including CBD) taken via mouth are processed and broken down in your liver. Moreover, these pills can excite or inhibit your liver’s enzyme systems.
A substance that “induces” the liver enzyme systems accelerates the rate at which another compound is metabolized (broken down). This lowers the levels of that pill or compound in your system, dulling its therapeutic benefits and other effects.
Likewise, a compound that reaches your liver to “inhibit” the activity of the enzymes therein will slow down the breakdown of the targeted substance (pill). The levels of that targeted substance will eventually rise — sometimes to toxic levels — adding to its effects (both unpleasant and favorable).
CBD Can Worsen Medicine’s Side Effects
If you’ve ever been told by your physician not to eat grapefruit with a certain medicine, chances are that taking CBD with that same medicine might not be ideal too.
Wondering why that’s so?
Both these products have a potential to inhibit a certain set of liver enzyme systems called cytochrome P450. These liver enzymes are a major family of proteins involved in processing and breaking down other medications. CBD is unique in that it can act on the cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes while these enzymes act on and process CBD too. That is, CBD is metabolized by the CYP enzymes as well as it strongly deactivates them.
By displacing other chemicals (medicines) from binding to the cytochrome P450, CBD inhibits the enzymes from metabolizing other compounds. In fact, CBD is the strongest deactivator of the liver enzymes amongst all the cannabinoids. This means that you need to be extremely cautious about what’s going in your system along with CBD.
The CYP liver enzymes metabolize about a quarter of all the pills, including but not limited to:
- Warfarin (a blood thinner, the combination can cause serious bleeding)
- Certain blood pressure-lowering medications
- Benzodiazepines used to address anxiety in the short-term (combination can cause excessive sedation)
- Medications used to treat seizures (a 2017 study conducted at the University of Alabama showed sizeable interaction between CBD and certain antiepileptics. The authors emphasized the importance of monitoring the levels of these drugs as well as the liver function tests during treatment with CBD).
When inhibited, the enzymes can no longer carry out their function. Using CBD with these medications may thus amp up their blood levels, putting you at risk of serious side effects.
So, be sure to tell your doctor when planning to take CBD while being on some pharmaceutical or herbal product. If need be, your healthcare provider may need to work with the dose of that pill to avoid any unexpected, toxic side effects.
CBD Can Make Other Meds Less Effective
While CBD blocks the liver enzymes in the short term, it tends to induce them with repeated use. These enzymes, in turn, speed up the breakdown of the meds metabolized by them, making them less effective. If this is the case, your doctor might need to increase the dose of the meds that interact with CBD in this way, allowing them to work effectively.
Medicines Can Add to CBD’s Effects
A few antibiotics and meds used to treat fungal infections also put the brakes on the liver enzymes involved in processing CBD. The reduced metabolic rate slows down the breakdown of CBD, the levels of which then double in your system. Eventually, the effects of CBD are enhanced.
Certain Medications Can Make CBD Less Effective
If you really want to reap the full benefits of the cannabinoid, be sure to talk to your doctor if any of your meds will interact with CBD. Just like a few medicines can enhance CBD’s effects, some can also interfere with its desired health benefits. These medicines are the ones that induce liver enzymes and speed up CBD’s metabolism. So, more CBD is broken down with a little amount reaching your circulation. And you won’t be able to achieve the desired health benefit from CBD.
Medications used to treat seizures (antiepileptics) top this list. Other common ones in this category include:
- Rifampin (an antibiotic)
- John’s Wort (an herbal antidepressant)
- Antiviral meds, especially those designed for HIV
Does CBD Interact With Other Meds at Lower Serving Sizes?
There’s no clear cut-off dose below which CBD doesn’t interact with other meds. In a 2013 report, a 40 mg dose of Sativex (a whole plant CBD-rich extract) didn’t show any interactions with CYP enzymes. However, in a clinical trial carried out later, a 25mg serving of CBD curbed the metabolism of an anti-epileptic.
CBD and Anti-Cancer Meds
Many consumers have been turning to medical cannabis and CBD to relieve the side effects of anti-cancer treatments. However, many people aren’t aware that CBD — just like grapefruit — can inhibit the metabolism of chemotherapy drugs too. And why not? After all, many of these chemotherapy agents require CYP enzymes for their inactivation. This implies that using CBD along with these agents (without adjusting their dose) can cause their levels to skyrocket, giving rise to potentially dangerous side effects.
Caution Never Hurts
CBD is generally a safe and effective product. However, because its effects aren’t yet well-known and more studies need to be done, it’s better to be cautious when using CBD with medications. Doing a little research and checking with your doctor will help you make an educated, safe decision about incorporating CBD into your life.